NFL-News zum American Football Aktuelle Neuigkeiten, Fotos, Bildergalerien. Jan. American Football ist ein komplizierter Sport, mit klaren Zuteilungen für jeden Spieler: Jeder hat seine Aufgaben, jeder ist für bestimmte. Welche Aufgaben haben eigentlich die einzelnen Positionen einer Offense und.
Numerals that display the distance from the closest goal line in yards are placed on both sides of the field every ten yards.
Goalposts are located at the center of the plane of each of the two end lines. The crossbar of these posts is ten feet 3.
Goal posts are padded at the base, and orange ribbons are normally placed at the tip of each upright. The football itself is an oval ball, similar to the balls used in rugby or Australian rules football.
Football games last for a total of 60 minutes in professional and college play and are divided into two-halves of 30 minutes and four-quarters of 15 minutes.
The losing team, unless the winning team decides to defer, is allowed to choose the option the winning team did not select, and receives the option to receive, kick, or select a goal to defend to begin the second half.
Most teams choose to receive or defer, because choosing to kick the ball to start the game would allow the other team to choose which goal to defend.
Games last longer than their defined length due to play stoppages — the average NFL game lasts slightly over three hours. An operator is responsible for starting, stopping and operating the game clock based on the direction of the appropriate official.
If the play clock expires before the ball has been snapped or free-kicked, a delay of game foul is called on the offense.
The play clock is set to 40 seconds in professional and college football and to 25 seconds in high school play or following certain administrative stoppages in the former levels of play.
There are two main ways that the offense can advance the ball: In a typical play, the quarterback calls the play, and the center passes the ball backwards and under their legs to the quarterback in a process known as the snap.
The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball or runs with it. The play ends when the player with the ball is tackled or goes out of bounds, or a pass hits the ground without a player having caught it.
A forward pass can only be legally attempted if the passer is behind the line of scrimmage, and only one forward pass can be attempted per down.
The offense is given a series of four plays, known as downs. If the offense advances ten or more yards in the four downs, they are awarded a new set of four downs.
If they fail to advance ten yards, possession of the football is turned over to the defense. In most situations, if the offense reaches their fourth down they will punt the ball to the other team, which forces them to begin their drive from further down the field; if they are in field goal range , they might also attempt to score a field goal.
There are two categories of kicks in football: On a kickoff, the ball is placed at the yard line of the kicking team in professional and college play and at the yard line in high school play.
The ball may be drop-kicked or place-kicked. If a place kick is chosen, the ball can be placed on the ground or on a tee, and a holder may be used in either case.
On a safety kick, the kicking team kicks the ball from their own yard line. They can punt, drop-kick or place-kick the ball, but a tee may not be used in professional play.
Any member of the receiving team may catch or advance the ball, and the ball may be recovered by the kicking team once it has gone at least ten yards and has touched the ground or has been touched by any member of the receiving team.
The three types of scrimmage kicks are place kicks, drop kicks, and punts. Only place kicks and drop kicks can score points.
If it is touched or recovered by the kicking team beyond this line, it becomes dead at the spot where it was touched. This prohibits the defense from blocking into or tackling the receiver, but the play ends as soon as the ball is caught and the ball may not be advanced.
Officials are responsible for enforcing game rules and monitoring the clock. All officials carry a whistle and wear black-and-white striped shirts and black hats except for the referee, whose hat is white.
Each carries a weighted yellow flag that is thrown to the ground to signal that a foul has been called. An official who spots multiple fouls will throw their hat as a secondary signal.
Another set of officials, the chain crew , are responsible for moving the chains. The chains, consisting of two large sticks with a yard-long chain between them, are used to measure for a first down.
The chain crew stays on the sidelines during the game, but if requested by the officials they will briefly bring the chains on to the field to measure.
A typical chain crew will have at least three people — two members of the chain crew will hold either of the two sticks, while a third will hold the down marker.
The down marker, a large stick with a dial on it, is flipped after each play to indicate the current down, and is typically moved to the approximate spot of the ball.
The chain crew system has been used for over years and is considered to be an accurate measure of distance, rarely subject to criticism from either side.
Football is a full-contact sport, and injuries are relatively common. Most injuries occur during training sessions, particularly ones that involve contact between players.
At a minimum players must wear a football helmet and a set of shoulder pads , but individual leagues may require additional padding such as thigh pads and guards, knee pads, chest protectors, and mouthguards.
The most common types of injuries are strains , sprains , bruises , fractures, dislocations , and concussions. More specifically, each year a player played tackle football under age 12 predicted earlier onset of cognitive, behavioral, and mood problems by an average of two and a half years.
College football is the third-most popular sport in the United States, behind professional baseball and professional football.
High school football is the most popular sport in the United States played by boys; over 1. The NFHS is the largest organization for high school football, with member associations in all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia.
USA Football is the governing body for youth and amateur football,  and Pop Warner Little Scholars is the largest organization for youth football.
Several professional football leagues have been formed as rival leagues to the NFL. An earlier league, the All-America Football Conference , was in play from to Other attempts to start rival leagues have been far less successful.
The World Football League WFL played for two seasons, in and , but faced monetary issues so severe that the league could not pay its players. In its second and final season the WFL attempted to establish a stable credit rating, but the league disbanded before its second season could be completed.
American football leagues exist throughout the world, but the game has yet to achieve the international success and popularity of baseball and basketball.
All of these countries rank far below the United States, which is dominant at the international level. Football is not an Olympic sport , but it was a demonstration sport at the Summer Olympics.
American football also has the issue of global visibility. Professional football has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll since , when it surpassed baseball for the first time.
In a study, the NCAA estimated there were around 1. American football also plays a significant role in American culture. The day on which the Super Bowl is held is considered a de facto national holiday ,  and in parts of the country like Texas , the sport has been compared to a religion.
Merit is rewarded, not punished. Masculinity is celebrated, not feminized. People of various beliefs and backgrounds — a melting pot, if you will — must unify for a common goal for the team to be successful".
The safety of the sport has also sparked national controversy in American popular culture. It is often received as "overly aggressive", and defamiliarized in popular culture.
Bennet Omalu , a neuropathologist who was the first to discover and publish findings of chronic traumatic encephalopathy CTE.
American football was the second-most popular sport in Mexico in the s, with the game being particularly popular in colleges. American football is the fifth most popular sport in Mexico and the country has the highest rating of the NFL outside the United States.
Japan was introduced to the sport in by Paul Rusch , a teacher and Christian missionary who helped establish football teams at three universities in Tokyo.
Play was halted during World War II, but began to grow in popularity again after the war. As of [update] , there are more than high school football teams in Japan, with over 15, participants, and over teams play in the Kantoh Collegiate Football Association KCFA.
Europe is a major target for expansion of the game by football organizers. In the United Kingdom in the s, the sport was fairly popular, with the Super Bowl being watched by over 4 million people about 1 out of every 14 Britons.
Super Bowl viewership has also rebounded, with over 4. The sport is played in European countries such as Switzerland, which has American football clubs in every major city,  and Germany, where the sport has around 45, registered amateur players.
But in these countries American football has not yet reached the same level of popularity it has, for example, in North America. Rumors were that a Pro Bowl edition could be held there.
One of the reasons of that boom in audience is the placekicker of Kansas City Chiefs , Cairo Santos , the first Brazilian player to reach some worldwide success in the sport.
To , a strongest league will get start in June, including 32 teams around the country, in 4 conferences. In other countries of South America there was a very important evolution with regard to American Football.
In was begun the practice of this sport in Argentina. Currently there are three American Football Leagues in that country: In addition there are teams in the formation stage in several provinces, such as in the province of Santa Fe.
Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football — both sports developed from rugby, and the two sports are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.
Punting is illegal, and kickoffs are attempted from the goal line. Large overhead nets deflect forward passes and kicks that hit them, and deflected kicks are live balls that may be recovered by either team.
Like in arena football, teams in indoor football leagues play in arenas, but games are only attended by a small number of fans, and most players are semi-professional athletes.
Indoor football leagues are unstable, with franchises regularly moving from one league to another or merging with other teams, and teams or entire leagues dissolving entirely.
There are several non-contact variants of American football, such as flag football. A game of touch football may require that the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down, depending on the rules used.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football. For a broader usage of the name, see American football disambiguation.
Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl. Team sport ball game. Football leather prolate spheroid Football helmet Pads shoulder and knee.
History of American football. Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football. American football protective equipment , Concussions in American football , and Chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
American football in the United States. Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football strategy College football Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Concussions in American football Fantasy football American Glossary of American football List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Pro Football Hall of Fame Steroid use in American football.
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Jacksonville Jaguars 16 Pittsburgh Steelers Washington Redskins 21 Houston Texans Seattle Seahawks 27 Green Bay Packers San Francisco 49ers 23 New York Giants Philadelphia Eagles 20 Dallas Cowboys Green Bay Packers 31 Miami Dolphins Los Angeles Rams 36 Seattle Seahawks Oakland Raiders 6 Los Angeles Chargers Chicago Bears 34 Detroit Lions Cincinnati Bengals 14 New Orleans Saints Cleveland Browns 28 Atlanta Falcons Indianapolis Colts 29 Jacksonville Jaguars Kansas City Chiefs 26 Arizona Cardinals New York Jets 10 Buffalo Bills Tampa Bay Buccaneers 3 Washington Redskins Tennessee Titans 34 New England Patriots Pittsburgh Steelers 52 Carolina Panthers Dallas Cowboys 14 Tennessee Titans Denver Broncos 17 Houston Texans Seattle Seahawks 17 Los Angeles Chargers Baltimore Ravens 16 Pittsburgh Steelers Buffalo Bills 9 Chicago Bears Carolina Panthers 42 Tampa Bay Buccaneers Cleveland Browns 21 Kansas City Chiefs Miami Dolphins 13 New York Jets 6.
Minnesota Vikings 24 Detroit Lions 9. Washington Redskins 14 Atlanta Falcons San Francisco 49ers 34 Oakland Raiders 3.
Buffalo Bills 6 New England Patriots Minnesota Vikings 20 New Orleans Saints Arizona Cardinals 18 San Francisco 49ers Oakland Raiders 28 Indianapolis Colts Carolina Panthers 36 Baltimore Ravens Chicago Bears 24 New York Jets Cincinnati Bengals 37 Tampa Bay Buccaneers Detroit Lions 14 Seattle Seahawks Kansas City Chiefs 30 Denver Broncos New York Giants 13 Washington Redskins Pittsburgh Steelers 33 Cleveland Browns Jacksonville Jaguars 18 Philadelphia Eagles Houston Texans 42 Miami Dolphins Atlanta Falcons 23 New York Giants Kansas City Chiefs 45 Cincinnati Bengals San Francisco 49ers 10 Los Angeles Rams Washington Redskins 20 Dallas Cowboys Baltimore Ravens 23 New Orleans Saints Chicago Bears 31 New England Patriots Indianapolis Colts 37 Buffalo Bills 5.
Jacksonville Jaguars 7 Houston Texans Miami Dolphins 21 Detroit Lions New York Jets 17 Minnesota Vikings Philadelphia Eagles 17 Carolina Panthers Tampa Bay Buccaneers 26 Cleveland Browns Los Angeles Chargers 20 Tennessee Titans Arizona Cardinals 10 Denver Broncos Green Bay Packers 33 San Francisco 49ers Dallas Cowboys 40 Jacksonville Jaguars 7.
Tennessee Titans 0 Baltimore Ravens Denver Broncos 20 Los Angeles Rams Atlanta Falcons 34 Tampa Bay Buccaneers Cincinnati Bengals 21 Pittsburgh Steelers Cleveland Browns 14 Los Angeles Chargers Houston Texans 20 Buffalo Bills Miami Dolphins 31 Chicago Bears Minnesota Vikings 27 Arizona Cardinals New York Jets 42 Indianapolis Colts Oakland Raiders 3 Seattle Seahawks Washington Redskins 23 Carolina Panthers New York Giants 13 Philadelphia Eagles New Orleans Saints 43 Washington Redskins Houston Texans 19 Dallas Cowboys Philadelphia Eagles 21 Minnesota Vikings San Francisco 49ers 18 Arizona Cardinals Seattle Seahawks 31 Los Angeles Rams Los Angeles Chargers 26 Oakland Raiders Buffalo Bills 13 Tennessee Titans Carolina Panthers 33 New York Giants Cincinnati Bengals 27 Miami Dolphins Cleveland Browns 12 Baltimore Ravens 9.
Detroit Lions 31 Green Bay Packers Kansas City Chiefs 30 Jacksonville Jaguars New York Jets 34 Denver Broncos Pittsburgh Steelers 41 Atlanta Falcons On July 30, , the Alliance announced the league had signed players.
In July , Starter , through G-III Sports, which manufactured NFL jerseys in the s and s, was named the official on-field apparel and game-day uniform supplier for the AAF, marking a return for the brand to professional football.
Quarterback skill training camps were held at the Alamodome in San Antonio on November 12 through The AAF plans to begin its inaugural, week season on February 9, The league will operate as a single entity, with all teams owned and operated by the league, under the name Legendary Field Exhibitions LLC.
The deal marks the first time any sports organization has sold exclusive in-game betting rights to a sportsbook. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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